Going through very stressful, frightening or distressing events is sometimes called trauma. When we talk about emotional or psychological trauma, we might mean: situations or events we find traumatic and how we’re affected by our experiences. Traumatic events can happen at any age and can cause long-lasting harm. Everyone has a different reaction to trauma, so you might notice any effects quickly, or a long time afterwards.


Recognise the signs & symptoms

Possible signs of trauma

  1. Flashbacks of the event.
  2. Avoiding things or people that remind you of the trauma.
  3. Feeling irritable and ‘on edge’ for large periods of time.
  4. Difficulty concentrating.
  5. Difficulty sleeping and having nightmares.
  6. Physical signs such as headaches, stomach aches or feeling sick.
  7. Signs of other mental health issues such as depression or anxiety.

Useful resources & apps

Understanding and getting gupport for trauma

Young Minds
Kid’s Health

Useful information for parents and carers

The Children's Society
Help Guide
Child Mind Institute
Young Minds Parent Guide